George Michael's manager: Cause of death was heart failure

- George Michael's moment of liberation followed what seemed at first to be a time of deep humiliation.

   He was blessed with sensual good looks and an exquisite voice, attributes he used to become first a teenybopper heartthrob and then a mature solo artist with videos that played up his considerable appeal. He kept his own sexual orientation private, until he was arrested in 1998 for lewd conduct in a public toilet in Los Angeles after being spotted by a male undercover police officer.

   In an earlier era, that might have doomed his career. Instead of retreating, however, he made a single and video -- "Outside" -- that ridiculed the charges against him and mocked the Los Angeles police officers who busted him.

   The memorable image of the two uniformed policemen kissing in the video -- both funny and outrageous at the time -- helped Michael come out as a proud gay man. He was unashamed, unapologetic and ready to poke fun at himself even as he produced a steady stream of hits.
 
   But Michael, whose death from heart failure at 53 was announced Sunday, struggled in his later years, fighting health issues and substance abuse problems. His voice remained golden -- at times it seemed there was almost no limit to his range -- but his behavior in public became ever more erratic.
 
   Despite his great talent, he never found a niche for himself as a senior statesman of the rock world. His fans stuck with him despite it all, and many expected one more comeback. People rooted for Michael, even as they felt he was slipping away, giving in to his torment.
 
   Michael shot to stardom at an early age in the teen duo WHAM! and moved smoothly into a solo career. It was a classic showbiz story -- a lad named Georgios Panayiotou with strong Greek Cypriot roots takes the name George Michael and forms a band with Andrew Ridgeley that brings him wealth and worldwide fame.
 
   Photos and videos from that era show Michael with long locks, piercing eyes and a show-stopping smile. He was made for MTV, which was emerging as a dominant force, and he had a powerful video presence, borrowing some of his dance moves from Elvis Presley and sometimes styling himself as a motorcycle rebel who would have made James Dean or Marlon Brando proud.
 
   He seemed to be on top of the world when he graduated from WHAM! and started scoring his own hits, but later said he was struggling with his sexuality and remembers his late 20s as a very depressing period.
 
   The AIDS crisis was hitting the gay community extremely hard at the time, and he lost one partner to the disease. He said it took him several years to recover.
 
   "I had my very first relationship at 27 because I really had not actually come to terms with my sexuality until I was 24," he said. "I lost my partner to HIV then it took about three years to grieve; then after that I lost my mother. I felt almost like I was cursed."
 
   He was unsettled and unhappy and, at the same time, became that rare artist who enjoys both chart success and tremendous respect from his peers. He sold well over 100 million albums, walked away from awards dinners weighed down with trophies, and recorded duets with the giants in his field.
 
   The long list of people who recorded with Michael includes all-time greats: Aretha Franklin, Ray Charles, Luciano Pavarotti and Elton John, for starters. Their willingness to share the spotlight was a sure sign of the way Michael's talents were appreciated by fellow musicians.
 
   Critics generally viewed his WHAM! songs as catchy but disposable pop and gave his solo efforts far higher marks. His first solo album, 1987's "Faith," sold more than 20 million copies, and he enjoyed several hit singles including the raunchy "I Want Your Sex," which was boosted by a provocative video that received wide airplay on MTV.
 
   The song was controversial not only because of its explicit nature, but also because it was seen as encouraging casual sex and promiscuity at a time when the AIDS epidemic was at its height. Michael and his management tried to tamp down this point of view by having the singer write "Explore Monogamy" on the leg and back of a model in the video.
 
   His career was peaking, but a protracted legal dispute with his record company, Sony, took a toll.
 
   As the hits slowed, he became better known for health scares and brushes with the police. He was fond of marijuana and prescription sedatives, a dangerous combination that had an effect on his driving. Several times he was found slumped over his car's steering wheel, not moving.
 
   Some made jokes about his erratic driving, but the underlying problems were serious. In 2010, his driver's license was finally revoked for five years after he drove his Land Rover into the side of a Snappy Snap photo shop with so much force that his vehicle dented the wall.
 
   A witty passer-by remembering Michael's early career wrote the word WHAM on the spot his SUV had hit.
 
   He was arrested a second time in public toilets -- this time in North London in 2008 for drug use, an incident that prompted him to apologize to his fans and promise to get his life in order. He seemed to sense that he was wearing out his welcome with the public, offering an apology to everybody "just for boring them."
 
   He said at a press conference in 2011 that he felt he had let young people down with his misbehavior and had made it easier for others to denigrate homosexuals. By that time, many of his songs had become popular gay anthems, including those written and released before he revealed his sexual preference.
 
   Despite these personal setbacks, Michael's musical performances remained strong even as his material moved farther from the teen tunes that first brought him to stardom.
 
   The Telegraph newspaper in 2011 described a London concert appearance as an impressive event, calling his voice, "A rich, soulful instrument, it's capable of serious emotional heft, expertly matching the confessional tone of his own material."
 
   He was straightforward about his reasons for first starting a ska band with Ridgeley and later forming WHAM! 
 
   "I wanted to be loved," he said. "It was an ego satisfaction thing."
 
Grieving fans mourned the death of George Michael as British charities praised his behind-the-scenes generosity on behalf of numerous causes.
 
   The singer's death was announced late Sunday. Many paid tribute on Facebook and Twitter and others cited years of good works that received little publicity.
 
   Fans placed flowers and other tributes at his homes in north London and in Goring, England, where he died of apparent heart failure.
 
   Michael's later years were marked by occasional brushes with the law and a series of driving incidents related to substance abuse, but another side emerged Monday as top charity figures stepped forward to thank Michael for years of donations and good works.
 
   Among the groups he supported were the Terrence Higgins Trust, which helps people with AIDS, Macmillan Cancer Support, and Childline, which offers confidential phone counseling for young people.
 
   Childline founder Esther Rantzen said Michael gave royalties from his 1996 hit "Jesus To A Child" to the charity along with many other donations.
 
   "Over the years he gave us millions and we were planning next year, as part of our 30th anniversary celebrations to create, we hoped, a big concert in tribute to him -- to his artistry, to his wonderful musicality but also to thank him for the hundreds of thousands of children he helped," she said.
 
   She said Michael was determined that no one outside the charity should know "how much he gave to the nation's most vulnerable children."
 
   Jane Barron from the Terrence Higgins Trust said Michael made many donations and gifts, including the royalties of his "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me" duet with Elton John in 1991.
 
   Michael had spoken publicly about the pain of losing a partner to AIDS early in the epidemic, but he kept his long history of donations to the Trust private.
 
Reactions to the death of George Michael:
 
   "I have lost a beloved friend -- the kindest, most generous soul and a brilliant artist. My heart goes out to his family and all of his fans." -- Elton John, on Instagram.
 
   "Farewell My Friend! ... Another Great Artist leaves us." -- Madonna, on Twitter.
 
   "Heartbroken at the loss of my beloved friend Yog. Me, his loved ones, his friends, the world of music, the world at large. 4ever loved. A xx" -- Michael's Wham! groupmate Andrew Ridgeley on Twitter. Yog stands for "Yours Only George."
 
   "My heart, like yours, is broken. George Michael was a musical genius and I am so grateful to have known him. In a world that needs music more than ever, today it is less so." -- Liza Minnelli, on Facebook.
 
   "I've loved George Michael for as long as I can remember. He was an absolute inspiration. Always ahead of his time." -- James Corden, actor, comedian and host of Carpool Karaoke, on Twitter. 
 
   "Absolutely devastated to hear of the loss of @GeorgeMichael Truly brilliant talent #sad #sad #sad" -- from Twitter account for Martin Fry of band ABC.
 
   "This is so crazy. I was just at his house the morning of the 23rd. So crazy." -- producer-musician Nile Rodgers, on Twitter.
 
   "Can't believe George Michael has passed ... one of the greatest singers and writers the UK ever produced. I'm really saddened ... a lovely man." -- singer Howard Jones, on Twitter.
 
   Other than a global pop phenom, George Michael was one of the true British soul greats. A lot of us owe him an unpayable debt. bye George xx" -- producer-musician Mark Ronson, on Twitter.
 
   "I met George Michael a few times & he was ever a gentle, unassuming soul. A rare presence in a world full of self. Honest, genuine talent." -- singer-songwriter Alison Moyet, on Twitter.
 
   "It's hard to take in. One of our most talented singer songwriters has left us. RIP George Michael. Such sad, tragic news. 2016 please end." -- pop group Simply Red, on Twitter.

 

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