Yelping puppy Ulysses doing well, 2 days after quake buried him alive

- Rescuers scouring through earthquake rubble in Norcia, Italy, were in high spirits on Tuesday after finding Ulysses, a puppy who was buried alive.

Firefighters found the yelping cagnolino, or puppy, in the midst of ruins two days after a 6.5-magnitude earthquake hit.

Ulysses was sent to a vet in Rieti and was in good condition, according to local reports.

Also in Italy, some houses are collapsed outright, pancaked piles of stones and plaster. A pair of skis stick out. Some are cracked open neatly, exposing living rooms frozen in time.

   The central Italian mountain village of Castelluccio di Norcia, among the most heavily hit by Sunday's earthquake, is known for the beautiful blossoms of its lentil fields and its historic charm. Now it's a ghost town.
   With the roads cut off, almost all of the 300 inhabitants were evacuated by helicopter. They all survived after an earlier quake in August prompted them to move into safer housing like camper vans or containers.
   But a small group of 13 hardy souls refuses to leave. Mostly farmers, they want to stay close to their cattle, sheep and horses -- their livelihood, without which they would truly have nothing left to come back for.
   "Practically we've returned to the stone age," said Augusto Coccia, 65.
   He was among the farmers housed in containers in the town square, eating breakfast, when the earthquake struck. It bounced the containers about and filled the air with a thick fog of dust. 
   The 6.6-magnitude tremor, the country's most powerful in 36 years, pulled down buildings and historic churches in villages across the Appenine mountains. In Castelluccio, the ground is now as much as 70 centimeters (two feet) lower, according to the national geophysics institute.
   This town's plight was worsened by the fact that the roads were cut off. Rescue helicopters brought in the bare necessities -- food and water -- on Sunday but little else.
   Coccia and the others who stayed behind cook under the open sky with gas canisters. They have no heating, electricity or constant water supply. The temperature drops to as low as minus 6 Celsius (20 Fahrenheit) at night.
   "The medical supplies were delivered to us today. It's been three days since we requested them but it's very hard to get them to us," he said.
   Besides helicopter, the only way to get to Castelluccio is by four-by-four through an hour and a half of rough terrain. Some residents of the area made the trip, as did forest rangers, with whom The Associated Press traveled.
   Among those making their way to Castelluccio on Tuesday was Vincenzo Brandimarte, 63. He had recently built an inn here using modern earthquake-resistant planning -- and it was one of the very few buildings that did not collapse or crack.
   "Today I began to cry when I saw the town with my own eyes," he said. "This is worse than war. If it had been a real war maybe the town wouldn't have been destroyed to this extent."
   As of Tuesday, 15,000 people from the region some 100 kilometers (62 miles) north of Rome were being given shelter. That's on top of 2,000 who remain displaced from a first quake in August, which left 300 dead.
   Premier Matteo Renzi visited the town of Preci with his wife to survey the damage, meet some of the displaced people and participate in an open-air mass for All Saints' Day.
   "We will rebuild everything in a timely manner," he said, according to news agency ANSA. He called on people to accept the offer of relocation, stressing the police presence had been beefed up to avoid looting and that tents are not a long-term solution in winter.
   But farmers like Coccia argue it's not an option, as they do not want to leave their herds alone. Wolves are a problem, in particular for sheep. There is a shortage of water and food for the animals. And the animals need barns within weeks to be able to withstand the cold.
   As rescue operations proceeded Tuesday, aftershocks continued at a rate of several per hour, keeping people on edge. The strongest on Tuesday morning was felt as far away as Rome. Damage was also reported in the Italian capital where, among other things, small cracks appeared in the ceiling of the Saint Eustache church and the marble of a street lamp near the Vatican was misaligned.
   For some, the disaster will resonate acutely on Wednesday -- All Souls' Day, when Italian families traditionally visit cemeteries to remember their dead relatives. Cemeteries were heavily damaged in the stricken villages, with coffins spilling out of the built structures that are typical in Italy.
   "Here the apocalypse happened," said Giuseppe Caponecchi, a 54-year-old entrepreneur from Castelluccio. "But we're stronger than the apocalypse."
The wave of earthquakes has rocked central Italy in recent months, shattering medieval towns and destroying ancient homes, churches and landmarks. The latest -- a magnitude 6.6 -- over the weekend struck a cluster of historic mountain towns, the most powerful temblor to hit Italy in more than three decades. The new shaking comes as the region reeled from a deadly magnitude 6.2 quake in August that killed 300 people and a pair of strong quakes last week. 
   How are the quakes related? Do they foreshadow an even bigger temblor? Scientists are studying the relationship of the quakes, which occurred on several faults in the Apennines mountain range. 
   A look at earthquake terminology:
   Q: How are earthquakes defined?
   A: An earthquake is generally characterized as a foreshock, main shock or aftershock. 
   The largest quake in a series is the main shock. Foreshocks are quakes that strike before the main shock along the same fault. Aftershocks are smaller quakes that rattle the same general area following the main event. Aftershocks generally become less powerful and less frequent over time. 
   Not all quakes have foreshocks, but moderate and strong quakes are followed by a series of aftershocks.  
   Scientists don't know beforehand what type of quake it'll be until the shaking has played out. 
   Q: What about the Italy quakes?
   A: The Italy quakes are under investigation, but it appears the previous quakes including the deadly August temblor were foreshocks to Sunday's quake, said U.S. Geological Survey seismologist Paul Earle. 
   While the latest quake was the largest in the sequence, no deaths were reported because thousands of people had evacuated to shelters and hotels after the earlier quakes. 
   Earle said the chances of an even larger quake striking the same area are low. 
   Q: Can a main shock become a foreshock?
   A: Days before the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan, several strong quakes including a magnitude 7.3 rattled the region. That quake had been considered the main shock until a magnitude 9 struck off the coast of Japan, generating a tsunami that swamped the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.
   Q: How long can aftershocks last?
   A: Aftershocks can last for days, weeks or even years depending on the strength of the main quake. 
   Recent disasters -- such as Fukushima and the 2004 magnitude 9.1 quake in Indonesia that triggered an Indian Ocean tsunami that killed 230,000 people in a dozen countries -- have been followed by tens of thousands of aftershocks. 


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