New Zealand increases minimum wage to $20 per hour, raises taxes on nation’s wealthiest by 39%

New Zealand has officially raised its minimum hourly wage to $20 an hour.

Back in December of 2020, the New Zealand Ministry of Business Innovation and Employment (MBIE) announced that beginning on April 1, 2021, the new minimum wage would be instated.

"The training and starting-out minimum wages will also both increase to $16.00 per hour, remaining at 80% of the adult minimum wage. This is a rise from the current minimum rate of $15.12 per hour," according to a December 2020 MBIE news release.

Stack of cash

Stack of cash stock image.

RELATED: $15 minimum wage hike seems all but dead in Democrats' massive COVID-19 relief bill

For employees who work 40 hours a week, the minimum wage will go up to $20 per hour, but hourly wages may vary depending on the employer.

In 2019, New Zealand was already one of the top-five countries that offered a higher-than-normal minimum wage with an average $22 per hour, just behind Belgium, which offered $22.87 per hour, according to data collected by the Organisation for the Economic Co-operation and Development.

Luxembourg topped the 2019 list with an average of $26 per hour.

In addition to the increased minimum wage, New Zealand also raised taxes by 39% on the nation’s top earners, according to the Guardian.

RELATED: Biden says $15 minimum wage likely won't 'survive' in COVID relief package, looks to stand-alone bill

Many U.S. lawmakers have been pushing for a $15 minimum wage, saying their constituents are owed a living wage this year, and if they don't deliver, it could cost them at the ballot box in 2022.

Raising the minimum wage to $15 would impact nearly 32 million workers, according to an analysis by the Economic Policy Institute. The majority — or 59% — of those who would benefit are women. The impact would be felt especially on women of color, who disproportionately work in low-wage jobs.

RELATED: Taco Bell plans to hire 5,000 people on April 21 during outdoor job fairs

The federal minimum wage has not increased in more than a decade, although a growing number of states have voted to adopt their own wage increases.

Raising the minimum wage from $7.25 to $15 an hour by 2025 would cost the economy about 1.4 million jobs and would lift 900,000 Americans out of poverty, according to an analysis by the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office.

"We need to pass a $15 minimum wage by the end of the year, [and] it has to be part of must-pass legislation," said Rep. Ro Khanna, D-Calif.

Khanna organized a press call Friday with many progressive Democratic lawmakers, union leaders and activists who demanded the $15 minimum wage despite setbacks earlier this year.

RELATED: Minimum wage to increase in Washington state to $13.69 in 2021

The wage increase passed the House in February as part of the $1.9 trillion coronavirus relief package, but the minimum wage provision was stripped out in the Senate due to parliamentary rules and lack of support from moderate Democrats.

While a minimum wage increase has yet to be issued for the entire country, some state governments have taken it upon themselves to raise the minimum wage for specific groups such as apprentices and attempting to eliminate provisions that allow employers to pay workers less than the national minimum wage.

RELATED: Several San Mateo County cities hike local minimum wage for 2021

The Associated Press and FOX Business contributed to this report.